Ishvara and jiiva
ahudli at APPN.CI.IN.AMERITECH.COM
Mon Jan 27 15:36:36 CST 1997
Another definition of Ishvara (God) comes from the Shvetaashvatara
upanishhad, which says "maayaaM tu prakR^itiM vidyaanmaayinaM tu
maheshvaraM", maayaa is to be understood as Nature, and Maheshvara
is the controller of maayaa.
In other words, Ishvara is not deluded by Maayaa,
rather He controls Maayaa. But an individual soul (jiiva) is
subjected to the control of Maayaa and gets deluded by its two
aspects, aavaraNa, (concealment), and vikshhepa, (projection).
That is, Maayaa conceals the essential nature of things as Brahman, and
at the same time projects them as something else. This becomes
a classic case of illusion. In the illusion of the rope-snake,
these two things happen. There is a concealment of the rope,
and also the projection of the snake on the rope.
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