ekaadashi tithi nirNaya

Ravi miinalochanii at YAHOO.COM
Sat Nov 30 13:33:37 CST 2002

If you search the web with keywords ekadashi and viddhi, it will lead you
to vaishhNava sites explaining how they base their observance of

My little understanding on this matter is from the book "saMxepa dharma
shaastram" -- as a name indicates is condensed version of vaidyanaatha
diixitiyam. Please note, I could be wrong in my undestanding.

1. A tithi is called shuddha when it starts from sunrise and runs 60
ghaTika-s. But this does not happen always.

2. Conjunction or link between two tithi-s is called vedhaa. For
instance prathama could have a vedhaa with either amaavasya and/or
dvitiiya. Typically if  the previous tithi extends for 6 ghaTika-s
after sunrise then the current tithi is called viddhi. Similarly at the

3. On determining ekaadashi -- smArta-s are OK if at the time of
sunrise the tithi is ekaadashi (there are few more rules are based on
some special circumstances such as va~njuli dvAdashi etc.)

4. For vaishhNava-s now comes additional complexity:

a. 4 ghaTika-s before sun rise is called the period of aruNodaya.

b. If the first 0.5 ghaTika of this period has dashami then it is
called vedha.

c. If the first 1 ghaTika of this period has dashami then it is called

d. If the dashami occupeies the entire period (just giving away  a
second or two before sunrise) then it is called mahaavedhaa.

e. vaishhNava-s do not accept if the tithi has ativedhaa or mahavedhaa.
This is based on texts like pancharAtra aagama etc.

f. This is fundamental difference between smArta-s and vaishhNava-s.

5. For smArta-s, we consider it as vedha only if dashami is at sunrise
and not otherwise.

ativedhaa mahaavedhaa ye vedhaas-tithishhu smRtaaH |
sarve.apyvedha vijheyaa  vedhas-suuryodaye mataH ||

6. Summary of this run

a. if there is dashami at the sun rise period then that ekaadashi is
not suitable for smArta-s

b. If there is dashami during the aruNodaya period then it is not
suitable for vaishhNava-s.

7. This is only a gist of it -- there are some more rules :-(( based on
how dvadashi comes etc.

To get more thorough explanation you should post your question to Yahoo
Group sv-rituals on how they observe ekaadashi. They have great
scholars like Dr. V. Sadagopan on these lists, who have all-round and
indepth knowledge of their sampradaaaya.



1 ghaTika is 24 minutes (in Tamil we call it naazhikai) and 2 ghaTika-s
make 1 muhuurtha. A day or vaasara in our system is from sunrise to
sunrise. It has 60 ghaTika-s,  with 30 ghaTika-s to day and 30 to night.
On a equinox a ghaTika will have 24 minutes of modern clock time.
>From ADVAITA-L at LISTS.ADVAITA-VEDANTA.ORG Sun Dec  1 13:39:57 2002
Message-Id: <SUN.1.DEC.2002.133957.0500.ADVAITAL at LISTS.ADVAITAVEDANTA.ORG>
Date: Sun, 1 Dec 2002 13:39:57 -0500
Reply-To: List for advaita vedanta as taught by Shri Shankara
To: List for advaita vedanta as taught by Shri Shankara
From: "V. Chandrasekaran" <venkatraman.chandrasekaran at NOKIA.COM>
Subject: World-view as dream

In Advaita the world-view is regarded as nothing different from a dream in
reality. I want to clarify my doubt on this subject.

It appears to me that any delusion has to have a knowledge in its
background. For eg. mirage appears as water and deludes its viewer because
of the material knowledge - "if there is water, there will be reflection".
Similarly our dreams are completely based on the material knowledge that we
have acquired in waking state... nothing outside of it appears in the
dream. Two centuries back, for eg., no one would have seen cars or
aeroplanes in their dreams because they didn't have that material knowledge.

Extending this to the "world-view as dream" concept... what is that
primordial material knowledge that is causing this world-view dream? Or, is
that knowledge at all needed for our current delusion (during waking
state)? If not needed, why so?

Thanks in advance,

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