[Advaita-l] BrahmaGYAna and jIvanmukti - 3 (Non-contradiction with other Vedantic texts)

S Jayanarayanan sjayana at yahoo.com
Thu Nov 23 12:49:13 CST 2006

--- S Jayanarayanan <sjayana at yahoo.com> wrote:


> This however is not the case for those who have taken up the study
> and practice of VedAnta before performing the prescribed upAsanas
> [9]:
>   idAnIM tanAstu prAyeNAkR^itopAstaya evautsukyamAtrAt.h 
>   sahasA vidyAyAM pravartante . vAsanAkshayamanonAshau cha 
>   tAtkAlikau saMpAdayanti . tAvatA shravaNamanananididhyAsanAni 
>   nishhpAdyante . taishcha 
>   dR^iDhAbhyastairaGYAnasaMshayaviparyayanirA
>   sAt.h tattvaGYAnaM samyag udeti . uditasya 
>   bAdhakapramANAbhAvAnnivR^ittAvidyAyAM 
>   punarutpattikAraNAbhAvAchcha nAsti tasya shaithilyam .
>   vAsanAkshayamanonAshau tu dR^iDhAbhyAsAbhAvAdbhogapradena 
>   prArabdhena tadA tadA bAdhyamAnatvAchcha 
>   savAtapradeshadIpavatsahasA nivartete .
>   "But most modern students, even with no previous practice of 
>   meditation (upAsana), just out of curiosity, suddenly attempt to 
>   attain enlightenment. They accomplish effacement of latent 
>   impressions and the dissolution of the mind for the time being. 
>   And with that also accomplish study, reflection and meditation 
>   (shravaNa-manana-nididhyAsana) of VedAnta by repeated and
> vigorous 
>   practice which in turn leads to the destruction of ignorance, 
>   doubt and opposite ideas and consequently the knowledge of Truth 
>   arises perfectly. In the absence of any counteracting cause of 
>   the knowledge and also in the absence of any cause to make the 
>   destroyed reappear - the knowledge stays settled. But in 
>   the absence of rigorous practice and being influenced from time
>   to time by the fructifying operative deed (prArabdha karma), the
>   manonAsha and vAsanAkshaya are extinguished as the lamp by a 
>   blowing wind."
> Obviously, students of the second kind will have to make effort to
> practise vAsanAkshaya and manonAsha AFTER BrahmaGYAna to attain
> jIvanmukti. The route that they follow would be:
>   SMN -> AtmaGYAna -> vidvatsannyAsa -> vAsanAkshaya-manonAsha
>                                         = jIvanmukti

I just realized I missed giving the JMV quote for the above
(JMV-SM, page 108-109, JMV-RG, page 137):

  tasmAdidanIMtanAnAM vidvatsaMnyAsinAM GYAnasyAnuvR^ittimAtram.h .
  vAsanAkshayamanonAshau tu prayatnasaMpAdyAv iti sthitam .

  "So it is held that for the vidvatsannyIs of these days only 
  the GYAna continues. VAsanAkshaya and manonAsha are to be 
  accomplished by effort to make it steady (sthitaM)."

It is quite clear that the "modern students" (i.e. akR^itopAstis)
have to practice vAsanAkshaya and manonAsha to steady their GYAna.

> Now that the groundwork for SV's ideas is almost complete, the next
> section will take up the reconciliation of the JMV with Sankara's
> works. 

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