[Advaita-l] Re: Ishvara in advaita vEdAnta

Krunal Makwana krunalmakwana at hotmail.com
Fri Nov 24 06:07:08 CST 2006

namo nArAyana
Dear All,
I am really enjoying the discussion on Ishvara in advaita vedAnta.
I was coming across the definitions of ishvara and I thought the best place to look would be Sankara bhashya on viSnu sahasranAma.
It is interesting to note that the word ishvara (independently) only appears twice and for both AchAya gives two different definitions.
1. ishvaraH - verse 4 - one who has unlimited lordliness or power over ALL things - I think this would include time etc.
2. ishvaraH - verse 8 - the omnipotent being
hope this helps (in anyway!)
Kind regards,Krunal

> Date: Thu, 23 Nov 2006 14:30:26 +0530> From: aparyap at gmail.com> To: advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> Subject: Re: [Advaita-l] Re: Ishvara in advaita vEdAnta> > namo nArAyaNAya!> > dear shrI siddhArtha,> > this is a reply to the second half of your mail dealing with Ishvara> within advaita vedAnta. before examining your reply, let me define> what is meant by the word 'Ishvara' to avoid any possible confusion:> > define Ishvara as dRShyakAraNa ('source of what is seen'). that such a> source exists is known from shruti-s like 'sadeva soumya idamagra> AsIt'. that this source cannot be other than brahman is clear from the> word 'eva' in the above shruti.> > (this definition is from the vyaShTi standpoint. from the samaShTi> viewpoint, Ishvara may be defined as jagadkAraNa. i'll stick on to the> 'dRShyakAraNa' definition.)> > On 11/23/06, Annapureddy Siddhartha Reddy <annapureddy at gmail.com> wrote:> > Thus, considering all these cases, it seems that the term Ishvara can> > properly only be applied> > when referring to the nirguNa brahma in the vyAvahArika world.> > yes, brahman seen as the source of vyavahAra is Ishvara.> let me make a few observations on what you had written earlier,> > On 11/23/06, Annapureddy Siddhartha Reddy <annapureddy at gmail.com> wrote:> > But the fact is that this Ishvara depends on the nirguNa brahma for His very> > existence,> > and is not independent.> > since nirguNa brahman itself is called Ishvara when viewed as dRShya> kAraNa, the correct way to state the above would be as follows:> 'Ishvara exists, but His Ishvaratva is dependent on the existence of a> dRShya. if no dRShya exists, Ishvara remains as nirguNa brahman'.> > On 11/23/06, Annapureddy Siddhartha Reddy <annapureddy at gmail.com> wrote:> > If He stays eternally, is this not a contradiction to the fact that> > only nirguNa brahma> > is eternal?> > in the first place, there is no meaning to statements like 'nirguNa> brahman is eternal'. for to assert that, you have to assume the> simultaneous existence of time and nirguNa brahman. but such is not> the case. the correct statement is: 'nirguNa brahman is neither> eternal nor non-eternal nor capable of being characterized by time in> any way'. on the other hand, since 'time' is a dRShya, the moment the> existence of time is accepted, it makes sense to say that Ishvara> (brahman viewed as the source of 'time') is 'eternal'. it follows that> Ishvara cannot be non-eternal.> > On 11/23/06, Annapureddy Siddhartha Reddy <annapureddy at gmail.com> wrote:> > > There is saguNa brahma where forms are deliberately superimposed on the> > nirguNa brahma according to the injunctions of the vEda for purposes of> > meditation. Let's put this case aside.> > while it is true that a particular form is deliberately superimposed> on brahman for the purpose of upAsanA, it is also true that certain> forms and lokAs exist independent of our upAsanA, i.e. their existence> is not a mere fanciful imagination as some think. (i think ramaNa> maharShi also pointed this out. maybe someone can provide the exact> reference.) even accepting the eternal existence of such lokAs or> forms does not affect brahman since 'eternal' existence is itself a> notion within mAyA.> > On 11/23/06, Annapureddy Siddhartha Reddy <annapureddy at gmail.com> wrote:> > -- If, on the other hand, Ishvara Himself attains the supreme nirguNa brahma> > at the> > time of praLaya (as suggested by BSB IV.iii.10 according to svAmi> > Gambhiranandaji's translation. The word used here is hiraNyagarbha. In other> > words, I am considering> > the definition of Ishvara to be hiraNyagarbha in this bullet point), then> > there arises the> > possibility of multiple Ishvaras during the multiple cycles of the world.> > This contradicts> > the vEda which says that there is only one Ishvara.> > suppose that a man A has two children B and C. is the father of B> different from the father of C? similarly Ishvara is the same though> two different sRShTi-s may be different.> > vAsudevaH sarvaM,> aparyAptAmRtaH.> _______________________________________________> Archives: http://lists.advaita-vedanta.org/archives/advaita-l/> > To unsubscribe or change your options:> http://lists.advaita-vedanta.org/cgi-bin/listinfo/advaita-l> > For assistance, contact:> listmaster at advaita-vedanta.org
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