[Advaita-l] Sankara alludes to Mahabharata Episode of Arjuna meeting Shiva

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Sat Aug 20 21:19:07 CDT 2016

Sureshwara in his vartika, again, without any pressing need, refers to the
paashupatastra as one that never fails to say that the Vedanta mahavakya
will never fail to dispel avidya.

On Aug 21, 2016 5:58 AM, "S Jayanarayanan via Advaita-l" <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:

> One of the key episodes of the Mahabharata is Arjuna acquiring the
> Pashupatastra from Shiva.
> This incident is the central theme in the Great Poem "Kiratarjuniya" by
> Sanskrit poet Bharavi.
> Sankara refers to this encounter of Arjuna with Shiva in his Gita Bhashya
> 2.33.
> Here's the Gita verse 2.33 as such:
>   atha chettvamimaM dharmyaM saMgrAmaM na kariShyasi .
>   tataH svadharmaM kIrtiM cha hitvA pApamavApsyasi ..
>   "If you do not discharge your duty and engage in this righteous war,
>   renouncing both your personal ethics (svadharma) and glory (kIrti),
>   you will incur sin."
> Note that the above verse does not require any necessity of invoking Shiva,
> but Sankara freely does so in his commentary:
>   atha chet tvam imaM dharmyaM dharmaadanapetaM vihitaM
>   saMgraamaM yuddhaM na karishhyasi chet, tataH tadakaraNaat svadharmaM
>   kiirtiM cha mahaadevaadisamaagamanimittaaM hitvaa kevalaM paapam
>   avaapsyasi..
>   "If you do not engage in this righteous war, having renounced your
> personal ethics (svadharma),
>   and your glorious encounter with Mahadeva (Shiva), you will incur sin."
> Sankara need not have referenced the episode of Arjuna meeting Shiva,
> especially in a
> so-called "Vaishnava" scripture, but naturally does so anyway!
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