[Advaita-l] sushuptAtman Vs tureeyAtman
bhaskar.yr at in.abb.com
Mon Mar 14 05:55:03 CDT 2016
Before knowing the difference between prAjna (sushuptAtman) and tureeya first we should know what exactly is prAjna as per shruti and shankara.
Sushupti (deep sleep) is the state which we experience daily and it is uniform to one and all. Nobody would ask to explain the experience of deep sleep state since the 'experience' of deep sleep state is one and the same for all unlike waking and dream state experiences which are unique to every individual. And shruti calls the Atman in this state with various names i.e. prAjna, chetOmukha, prajnAna Ghana, ekeebhUta, Anandamaya, Anandabhuk etc. And in this state sushuptAtman would have no kAma (like in waking) nor svapna (mAndUkya 5th mantra) why?? Because this sushuptAtman would become one with brahman in this state without jnAtru, jnEya, kartru-kriya bifurcation. The place of sushuptAtman in this state is, hrudaya AkAsha says bruhadAraNyaka, and in the hrudaya Atman rests in the nAdi called 'hitA' out of 72000 nAdi-s and elsewhere it also says sushuptAtman is one with prANa further clarifies shruti. And these various places like 'hrudaya AkAsha' 'hitA nAdi' 'prANa' etc. have been clarified as brahman only in vedAnta sUtra since in this state Atman in devoid of any 'karaNa' jeeva is no more jeeva hence he is brahman only clarifies shankara in sUtra bhAshya. It is in this state there is absence of the ego (ahaM), mind and senses and there is no influence of time and space. In this ekeebhUta state, we are indeed elevated ourselves to taintless svarUpa of ours where there is neither action (kriya) nor enjoyment (vishaya bhOga). Shruti and shankara elaborate this adviteeya state at various places. And at one place shankara equates sushuptAtman with parameshwara since he never ever devoid of prajna which is in the form of sarvajnatva. And shruti declares that sushupti is the state of brahman and sushuptAtman is 'lord of all all, sarvajnA, source of all etc. (mAndUkya 6th mantra).
But point to be noted here is having equated prAjna with parameshwara, shruti & shankara do not declare that ' go to deep sleep and get realized'. OTOH it says like vishwa (waking) taijasa (dream) prAjna or sushuptAvastA too is superimposed on Atman. He is neither antaH prajnA nor bahirprajnA nor prajnAna Ghana, neither conscious nor un-conscious etc. which clearly negates all contact of states of consciousness and declares that Atman is ultimately free from all specific features. And to drive home this avasthAteeta svarUpa of Atman, shruti introduces the tureeya the socalled fourth state (!!??) of Atman. While commenting on mAdUkya mantra shankara clarifies the tureeya as pure OmkAra which is devoid of the distinction of the nAma and rUpa and concludes as follows : " This OmkAra has become the adviteeya reality free from all distinctions. OmkAra as uttered by one who has acquired the aforesaid intuition of the three states is verily Atman himself. Whosoever knows this enters his real Atman as Atman in his sva-svarUpa. Having the vision of reality the knower of Atman / brahman has entered the Atman after burning the thred seed nature. (here third seed is beeja in sushupti which is the cause for vyAkruta jagat and corresponding kriyA kAraka vyavahAra). For the tureeya (the fourth) is no causative seed. The snake which has entered into the rope after the discrimination of the nature of the rope and the snake, cannot, surely, rise up again as before by dint of impressions formed in the mind in the case of the person who has distinguished the snake". With this it is also clear that there is no avidyAlesha in jnAni and never ever get deluded (due to prArabda or otherwise) and 'see' the snake again in place of rope. Anyway, let that be aside, coming back to the subject. What exactly is the difference between this tureeya and sushuptAtman?? When both are addressed as addviteeya, sarvajnA, sarvadruk, parameshwara etc. The difference and similarity between sushuptAtma prAjna and tureeya has been clarified by Sri gaudapAda in Agama prakaraNa by saying nAtmAnaM na parAmchaiva na satyaM nApi chAnrutaM prAjnaH kiMchana saMvetti turyaM tatsarvadruksada and dvatasyAgrahaNaM tulyaM ubhayOH prAjnaturyayOH, beejanidrAyutaH prAjnaH sA cha turyE na vidyate. prAja is aware of neither about himself, nor others, he neither aware of paramArtha svarUpa (though he is one with that) nor aware of anruta prapancha whereas tureeya is not like that he is sarva druk (one who can be able to see everything as Chaitanya and at the same time being 'sarvam') prAjna has the limited boundaries and tied to one state i.e. sushupti whereas tureeya has no such restricted boundaries he is all pervading and encompassing the socalled avasthA-s too.
>From the above it is clear that though prAjna in sushupti is verily brahman itself he is not aware of it, the hetu for not knowing the other is 'ekatva' and why he is not knowing about himself in suhupti for this the answer is again absence of karaNa and corresponding 'kriya' i.e. knowing. Eyes cannot see itself, one cannot sit on his own shoulders clarifies shankara and this brahmaikya in sushupti is not like water wetting the cloth become wet cloth (here there is distinction between water and cloth) here ikyata is like ' honey' in which there is amalgamation of 'vividha pushpa rasaM'. The beeja nidra of prAjna to be understood in this light it is not about existence of mUlAvidyA or kAraNa avidyA which is bhava rUpa. If the sushptAtman is endowed with ajnAna, shruti & shankara would not have been addressed as parameshwara. And shankara would not have taken the anubhava of sushupti as benchmark for the muktAvasthA. And if the sushupti also literally having some avidyA in bhAva rUpa then there is no state devoid of ajnAna within the known states and for knowing avidyArahita Atman we may have to strive to achieve some other peculiar state like samAdhi. Which is anyway not advisable in shankara's jnana pradhAna vastu tantra sAdhana.
Just contemplating on these thoughts not meant for any rigorous and ceaseless debates.
Hari Hari Hari Bol!!!
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