[Advaita-l] Who has Ajnana/Maya?
kalyan_kg at yahoo.com
Fri Mar 17 06:55:46 EDT 2017
Dear Sri Venkataraghavan
[These positions are considered further by
sureshvarAchArya who was of the
Brahman is the locus of avidyA. vAcaspati mishrA, on the
hand, takes the jIva to be the locus
of avidyA. Both positions can be
so take your pick.]
As jIva is sopAdhika Atman and the upAdhis being jaDa cannot be affected by ajnAna, the position that jIva is affected by ajnAna boils down to the position that the Atman is affected by ajnAna.
Brahman is taken as the locus of avidyA, there is no issue
position either - because
avidyA's ontological status is lower than
Brahman's - that being so, it is no more
capable of affecting Brahman, than
water is capable of wetting the sand on which it appears.]
The position that Brahman cannot be affected by ignorance due to difference in ontological status of the 2 entities, goes against everybody's perception that they are experiencing and being affected by misery, despite being non-different from Brahman (as per advaita). As Des Cartes says, I think, therefore I exist, so also, I experience misery, therefore it cannot be denied, for my existence and experiences are more real to me than anything else. I can deny the external world but not myself and my experiences.
there are two kinds of Ashraya -
adhishThAna rUpa Ashraya and abhimAni rUpa
Ashraya - so while Brahman is adhishThAna rUpa
Ashraya for avidyA (ie
Brahman is the
substratum on which avidyA is located), it cannot be
considered to be abhimAni rUpa Ashraya (ie
"I am ignorant"), thus the issue
of blemish does not really exist.
If Maya is an attribute of Ishwara, then doesn't Mayatva
> the nirgunatva aspect
that Advaitins claim?
Again, Brahman and mAya have
different ontological statuses - so mAya is
not a guNa of Brahman from the standpoint of
ultimate reality. It is
Ishvara to have mAyA as an attribute within advaita
sampradAya. In advaita, Ishvara is considered
to be saguNa Brahman and
there is a separate
entity called nirguNa Brahman. Thus, it is possible for
one to say that mAyA is the attribute of
Ishvara, while maintaining that
mAyA is not
an attribute of nirguNa Brahman.
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