[Advaita-l] Shiva the Jagatkāraṇam - srimadbhāgavatam

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Fri Feb 9 06:23:52 EST 2018

Shiva the Jagatkāraṇam - srimadbhāgavatam

> In the Srimadbhagavatam occurs this verse: 3.14.28:

ब्रह्मादयो यत्कृतसेतुपाला यत्कारणं विश्वमिदं च माया ।
*आज्ञाकरी* यस्य *पिशाचचर्या* अहो विभूम्नश्चरितं विडम्बनम् ॥ २८ ॥

This is a dialogue between Kashyapa Prajapati and his wife Diti. The former
is dissuading the lust-laden Diti from going for a union at the forbidden
hour of the evening. He talks of Shiva, the epitome of Vairagya, and how in
shameful contrast will her act be. In this conversation, Kashyapa gives out
many glories of Shiva. One such is the above verse which means, as Sridhara
Swamin explains:

Brahma, etc. are the maintainers of the order that has been put in place by
Shiva, the Cause, of this universe. Māyā is at the Lord's beck and call,
ready to do his bidding. This Glorious One's odd conduct is simply beyond
any explanation.

Vamshidhara a commentator of the Bhagavatam who also elucidates Sridhara
Swamin's commentary occasionally, cites a shruti passage in support of the
Bhagavatam statement:

*यस्याज्ञया* जगतस्रष्टा विरंचिः पालको हरिः | रुद्रः संहारकर्ता च नमस्तस्मै
पिनाकिने || इति श्रुते: |  [By his Command Brahma is the creator of the
world, Hari is the protector and Rudra is the destroyer. Obeisance to him,

[This passage is found in a slightly different form in the Skanda Puranam:

॥ अथ श्रीस्कान्दे महापुराणे प्रथमं माहेश्वरखण्डं प्रारभ्यते॥ ॥श्रीगणेशाय
नमः॥ ॐनमो भगवते वासुदेवाय॥ ॐनारायणं नमस्कृत्य नरं चैव नरोत्तमम्॥ देवीं
सरस्वती चैव ततो जयमुदीरयेत्॥ १.१ ॥

॥व्यास उवाच॥ यस्याज्ञया जगत्स्रष्टा विरिंचिः पालको हरिः॥ संहर्ता
कालरुद्राख्यो नमस्तस्मै पिनाकिने। १.१ ॥ ]

Sridhara swamin, in an earlier verse of the Bhaagavatam explains:

भस्मावगुण्ठामलरुक्मदेहो *देवस्त्रिभिः पश्यति *देवरस्ते ॥ ३.१४.२५ ॥ [....The
God sees with his three eyes...]

[He, with his three eyes that are the Sun, the Moon and Fire.. ]   In the
Shiva Ashtottara shatha naama occurs this name: सोमसूर्याग्निलोचनाय नमः |

Vamshidhara says here: There is nothing that is not visible to him.

In the Vishnu Sahasra Nama the name : सर्वतश्चक्षुः means the same. In the
Andhra Bharatham, this name is stated for Shiva.

Sridhara Swamin, in his invocation to the Bhagavatam says:

माधवोमाधवावीशौ सर्वसिद्धिविधायिनौ। वन्दे परस्परात्मानौ परस्परनुतिप्रियौ॥

I bow to Mādhava and Umādhava (Shiva) who are both 'Isha-s' Supreme Lords. They
are capable of bestowing all accomplishments (to their devotees). They are
both the selves of each other and both love to engage in the stuti of each

And Veda Vyasa in the Mahabharata:

रुद्रो नारायणश्चैव सत्त्वमेकं द्विधा कृतम्।
लोके चरति कौन्तेय व्यक्तिस्थं सर्वकर्मसु।। 12-350-27a 12-350-27b.

Om Tat Sat


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