[Advaita-l] Previous Kali Yugas in Shastras?

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Wed Jun 13 20:48:20 EDT 2018

The best guide to us on this topic is perhaps the Bh.Gita verses of the
fourth chapter:

यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत ।
अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदात्मानं सृजाम्यहम् ॥ ७ ॥   यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिः
हानिः वर्णाश्रमादिलक्षणस्य प्राणिनामभ्युदयनिःश्रेयससाधनस्य भवति भारत,
अभ्युत्थानम् उद्भवः अधर्मस्य, तदा तदा आत्मानं सृजामि अहं मायया ॥ ७ ॥

परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् ।
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय सम्भवामि युगे युगे ॥ ८ ॥
परित्राणाय परिरक्षणाय साधूनां सन्मार्गस्थानाम् , विनाशाय च दुष्कृतां
पापकारिणाम् , किञ्च धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय धर्मस्य सम्यक् स्थापनं तदर्थं
सम्भवामि युगे युगे प्रतियुगम् ॥ ८ ॥
The term 'yuge yuge' denotes that avatara-s have happened in all yugas.
That means no yuga is free of dharma glaani and the need for dharma
sthapanam. From the Upanishads, like Narada - Sanatkumara episode of the
Chandogya 7th chapter, we learn that the need for atma jnana is always
there. That means, the need for vairagya is there always. These are all
things forever, no change.  Purva mimamskas hold that 'the world has been
always so.'  So, the special mention of earlier Kali yugas is not
especially warranted. The talk of 'good times' in non-kali yugas could at
best be seen as arthavada.


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