[Advaita-l] Gita 13.20 question

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Sun May 27 13:30:20 EDT 2018

On Sat, May 26, 2018 at 5:42 AM, michael via Advaita-l <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:

> Namaste
> Here's a selection from Gita 13.20 bhasya Gambhirananda tr.
> How to explain Purusha, jiva and bhoktr described as synonymous?

Purusha is the sentient being.  He, upon identifying with the not-self,
body-mind complex, due to ignorance, is termed jiva. Since bhoga,
experience, enjoyment, can happen only to a sentient being and not to an
insentient being, Purusha is called bhokta, enjoyer/experiencer. Actually,
the sentient Purusha is only the witness of the sukha, joy or duhkha,
misery, that arise in the mind. That way he is called the cause of of

Trust this is clear.


> "So far as the agentship with regard to these is concerned Nature is said
> to be the cause, because of the same reason
> of being their originator. As to how the soul can be the cause of mundane
> existence is being stated: Purusah, the soul, the empirical being, the
> knower of the field-all these are synonymous; is the hetuh, cause;
> bhoktrtve, so far as enjoyership, the fact of being the perceiver;
> sukha-duhkhanam, of happiness and sorrow-which are objects of experience,
> is concerned."
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