[Advaita-l] Clarification regarding Nitya and Naimittika Karma

Venkateswaran N E venkatne2011 at gmail.com
Fri Jun 14 03:38:58 EDT 2019

Namaste,  giving PramaNa from Dharma Sindhu for what Praveen mahodaya
stated regarding nitya, naimittika and kamya karmas.

नित्यं नैमित्तिकं काम्यं चेति । नियतनिमित्ते विहितं नित्यं यथा दर्शादि।
अनियतनिमित्ते विहितं नैमित्तिकं यथा पुत्रजन्मादिषु । फलकामनोपाधिकं काम्यं
यथा स्वर्गादिकामनायां कृत्तिकादिनक्षत्रे च ।


On Fri 14 Jun, 2019, 12:47 PM Praveen R. Bhat via Advaita-l, <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:

> Namaste,
> One way to see nityanaimmittika karmas is that nitya-karmas are not really
> daily karmas, they are regular karmas. The darShapUrNamAsa karmas done
> every fortnight or nirUDhapashubandha (also seen in rudralaghunyAsa as
> निरूढपशुबन्धात्मने अनामिकाभ्यां
> नमः) which includes/d animal sacrifice done once or twice a year,
> shrAddhakarma performed at tithis, etc, are all nityakarmas. naimittika
> karmas then are occasional like the samskAras. Mostly, all kAmyakarmas
> include animal sacrifice. On a related note, although there is no state
> support for this and it is illegal, I have heard (from sources I trust, of
> course) that in some places where these were done, the animal would itself
> place its head on the sacrificial altar! One may consider it as nonsense,
> but I particularly don't have any issues in accepting it as possible. As
> someone already mentioned that tying the sacrificial animal to the yUpa
> which has specific mantras and methods to make quietens it. The shAstras
> say that although killing an animal is pApa, sacrificing it in a prescribed
> yajna is exempted and said to free the jIva from pashusharIra and help its
> gati as well as that of the yajamAna. Although in the context of Kshatriya
> killing in the battle, Bhagavan Tikakara comments under BG 2.10 so:
> श्रौतानां
> हिंसादियुक्तानामपि कर्मणां दूरतो न अधर्मत्वमिति स्पष्टमुपदिष्टं भवति ।
> सामान्यशास्त्रस्य व्यर्थहिंसानिषेधार्थत्वात् क्रतुविषये
> चोदितहिंसायास्तदविषयत्वात् कुतो वैदिककर्मानुष्ठानानुपपत्तिरित्यर्थः ।
> To this above, a Charvaka (or a moderner) objects to the Purvamimamsaka: if
> this is true, why don't you offer your own father in a sacrifice and send
> him to svarga?!
> The answer is as simple as: since it is not prescribed by Vedas.
> In any case, most, if not all, complicated *rare* animal sacrifices have
> been replaced by simple coconut and/ or black pumpkin (literally translated
> from Kannada), etc, as offerings, as guided by the Kulagurus in keeping
> with desha-kAla and yajamAna-svabhAva. Unfortunately, the state doesn't
> have any objection to the *common* mass-scale fish/meat industry where all
> sorts of animals are reared to kill, and even sets up such "industries"!
> God save the jIvas. I wonder what Charvakas would say on this! Would they
> say, eat your own ...?! Kindly pardon the offensive.
> gurupAdukAbhyAm,
> --Praveen R. Bhat
> /* येनेदं सर्वं विजानाति, तं केन विजानीयात्। Through what should one know
> That owing to which all this is known! [Br.Up. 4.5.15] */
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