Three schools of thought
gmadras at ENGR.UCDAVIS.EDU
Wed Nov 20 12:07:37 CST 1996
On Wed, 20 Nov 1996, Madhava Kumar Turumella wrote:
> As an illustration, we have this question "Who is supposed to
> be called as a brahmin?". This question is answered in an
> upanishad called "vajrasuchi upanishad." In this upanishad
The sanskrit text, transliteration and translation of
the vajrasuchi upanishhad can be found at
The same site also contains kena, iisha, muktika etc
> right upanishads. And a massive research had been commenced
> and fruitfully we found the "Mouktika Upanishad." This
> "Mouktika Upanishad" was taught to Hanuma by Lord Sri Rama.
> It is but obvious that when Rama was ruling, there was no
> Muslim or Crishtian religions. Hence our scholars have
> accepted the "mouktika upanishad" as authentic. Fortunate for
Most of the Indology scholars would never accept that the
muktika upanishhad was written/composed during the period of
Rama, which is around 5000 BC (i.e if they even accept that Rama is not a
> advises Hanuman to study "Bruhadaranyaka Upanishad" in order
> to understand higher self (the self with in). He also advises
??? In the two books I have,
Lord Rama to Shri Hanuman in muktika:
'The only means by which the final emancipation is attained is
through maaNDUkya upanishhad alone, which is enough for the salvation for
all aspirants. If GYAna is not attained thereby study the 10 upanishhads;
thou shalt soon attain GYAna, and then My Seat. O son of ajnjanaa, if thy
GYAna is not made firm, practice (study) well the 32 upanishhads. Thou
shalt get release. If thou longest after videhamukti, study the 108
upanishhads. I will truly state in order the (names of the) upanishhads
with their Shaanti (purificatory mantras).'
> The whole Hindu religious philosophy is basically built-up on
> three schools of thought. They are dwaita (dualism) founded by
Certainly not. Sanatana Dharma does not stand based on three
schools of thought within vedanta. It is based on the primary six
schools of thought (sad-darshana). Though vedanta, and yoga may be the
popular schools among them, they borrow a lot from other schools. Yoga
from samkhya and vedanta from (purva) mimansa.
> Dwaita advises to prostrate to God. Serve him humbly. You
> are a slave to him hence obey him what ever is his orders. Do
Really ? I thought dvaita was more of a servant master relationship
rather than a slave-master relationship. The latter can never be driven
> stand for reason. The dwaita school never accepts human
Human reasoning ? Certainly MAdhva employs logic in his
discourses and also accepts the six pramana-s as a means of
knowledge. Or do you mean that the dvaitins on the net never accept
> On contrary it says God is beyond reasoning.
Brahman is beyond reason in any Indian philosophy.
> Adwaita: Sri AdiSankara, the greatest philosopher and
> missionary ever seen in this world, is the advocate of this
Naturally, you posted this on the advaita mailing list, because
you won't find many people who will differ from the above contention :-)
> You may wonder, then who founded this?
> Actually, I should say that Sri Yagnavalkya, the seer of Sri
> Sukla Yajurveda, founded this school.
I don't think so. The lineage of Advaita parampara is
Narayana, Brahma, Vasistha ..... Gaudapada, Govinda, Shankara ..
(see tha hastamalaka stotra).
There are also separate lineages from Dattatreya and Dakshinamurthi.
> Sri Adisankara while advocating this Nondualism says that
> "Since you are a part of this world and right now you are not
> in a state of understanding that you are God, you should
> follow the path of Bhakti (dwaita) and inquisition
> (VishisTadwaita). Adwaita (non-dualism) is a state that has
> to be realized. Until you realise you should practice"... And
Can you provide in which composition of Shankara does he say the
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