[Advaita-l] gita 5.29

Sundaresan, Vidyasankar (GE Infra, Water) vidyasankar.sundaresan at ge.com
Wed Feb 20 15:58:56 CST 2008

>Translation by Sw. Gambhirananda "jnatva, by knowing; mam, Me who am
>Narayana; who, as the sarva-loka-mahesvaram, great Lord of all the
>worlds; am the bhoktaram, enjoyer (of the fruits); yajna-tapasam, of
>sacrifices and austerities, as the performer and the Deity of the
>sacrifices and austerities (respectively);"
>A couple of questions:
>1) What is meant by "respectively" in the translation? 

I would guess that Swami Gambhirananda is reading the term kartR-rUpeNa
yajnAnAM and devatA-rUpeNa with tapasAM. Hence the "respectively,"
it is not clear to me that Sankara bhagavatpAda means it strictly that
way in the

>2) If Ishwara is the kartA and bhoktA, does he not become a karmI
>tainted by karma? If instead he is to be known as nArAyaNa from
>pAramArthika-dRiShTi standpoint, why talk about kartRitvam and
>bhoktRitvam at all? 

In the introduction, bhagavatpAda refers to nArAyaNa as Adi-kartA. There
are many
discussions in the various bhAshya-s as to why ISvara does not become
tainted by
the karma of all jIva-s. Briefly, the answer given in one place in the
bhAshya is "jIvaH ... karoty eva. ... kArayati parameSvaraH ..."

In the gItAbhAshya here too, bhagavatpAda describes nArAyaNa as
adhyaksha and as sarva-pratyaya-sAkShI, which captures in what sense
ISvara is
the ultimate kartA and bhoktA.

Best regards,

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