[Advaita-l] yama tarpaNa on naraka chaturdashI

Anand Hudli via Advaita-l advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org
Thu Oct 23 23:29:46 CDT 2014

>For raajan, should not dviteeyaa and chaturthee be raajaanam and raj~ne?

When राजन् is the final constituent of a tatpuruSha or karmadhAraya
compound it is declined like an अ-कारान्तः पुल्लिङ्गः शब्दः
(रामशब्दः). For example, the nominative case (singular) for मद्राणां
राजा (King of the Madras) becomes मद्रराजः, not मद्रराजा, accusative
case is मद्रराजं, not मद्रराजानम्, dative case is मद्रराजाय, not
मद्रराज्ञे, etc.  The same rule also holds for the words अहन् (day)and
सखि (friend). Hence, we have कृष्णसखः, वायुसखः, not कृष्णसखा, वायुसखा,
etc. The relevant Panini sUtra  is राजाह: सखिभ्यष्टच् (5.4.91).


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