[Advaita-l] Vsheshana and Lakshana

Rajesh Benjwal rbenjwal at gmail.com
Sat Dec 16 01:54:07 EST 2017


*Similarly satyam jnanam anantam anandam are lakshanas of Brahman. Brahman
alone can have these, nothing else in creation.  *

We do not usually say that no one in the creation can have any of these
lakshaNaH because when there is a set of qualifications than one of them
may have ativyApti.  So to keep in mind the ativyApti we have to add one or
more set of qualifications and call them lakshaNa. Like if we only say
anantam is lakshaNa of brahma then there will be ativyApti doshaH as
ध्वंसाभाव is also अनन्तम्. So to अतिव्याप्ति: परिहार्थाय we have to add few
more qualifications. So we add सद् also, now the combination of the both
does the परिहार of अतिव्याप्ति as ध्वंसाभाव is not anAdi.

So lakshaNa must be free from dushtA, asambhava, and ativyApti dosha. So we
have to combine few qualifications and make them lakshaNa.

My two cents.


On Fri, Dec 15, 2017 at 1:16 PM, V Subrahmanian via Advaita-l <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:

> Visheshana: adjective: blue, big, fragrant lily. In this example, the
> blueness helps to distinguish 'this' lily from a red, etc. lily. The
> bigness helps to distinguish this lily from small, baby lilies. Fragrance
> helps distinguish this lily from those lilies that are devoid of fragrance.
> This is a case of visheshana that distinuishes a thing from all other
> members of the same class: lily.
> On the other hand, a lakshana is that which helps distinguish an object
> from every thing that is not that object.  Example: akasha is given the
> lakshana 'avakasha  pradaatrtva - the one that accommodates (all other
> things).  Now, this trait is unique to akasha.  nothing else in creation
> has this.  When we say a house can accommodate people and things, it is the
> space there that accommodates.
> Similarly satyam jnanam anantam anandam are lakshanas of Brahman. Brahman
> alone can have these, nothing else in creation.  Satyam is that which does
> not go out of existence.  all that is created will go out of existence.
> Jnanam is pure objectless consciousness.  every other jnanam in creation is
> janya jnana like 'pot knowledge, cloth knowledge' It happens through a
> vrtti. Brahman svarupa jnanam is not a vritti dependent one.  Ananta is
> infinite in space, time and object.  everything in creation is limited by
> space, time and object.  Thus alone the advaita Vedantin holds that satyam,
> jnanam anantam are the svarupa of Brahman.  Brahman is satyam, brahman is
> jnanam....Brahman can't be other than, without satyam.  just like there can
> be no fire sans heat/light.
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Rajesh Benjwal

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