[Advaita-l] धर्म हिंसा तथैव च: is fake.

V Subrahmanian v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Mon Apr 22 05:24:16 EDT 2019

On Mon, Apr 22, 2019 at 1:44 PM स्मार्त्त कुवँर बिपिन चौहान <
bipinchauhan7 at gmail.com> wrote:

> A person quotes this. “अहिंसा परमो धर्मः” -non violence is religions
> virtue, in times of peace.. “धर्म हिंसा तथैव च:” -violence too is virtue,
> in times to protect religion..
> *Shivaji *practiced whats is preached in Bhagavad Gita..

We have Shankaracharya's bhashya, through the words of the opponent, an
endorsement of the above:  2.10:

अत्र केचिदाहुः — सर्वकर्मसंन्यासपूर्वकादात्मज्ञाननिष्ठामात्रादेव केवलात्
कैवल्यं न प्राप्यत एव । किं तर्हि ? अग्निहोत्रादिश्रौतस्मार्तकर्मसहितात्
ज्ञानात् कैवल्यप्राप्तिरिति सर्वासु गीतासु निश्चितोऽर्थ इति । ज्ञापकं च
आहुरस्यार्थस्य — ‘अथ चेत्त्वमिमं धर्म्यं सङ्ग्रामं न करिष्यसि’ (भ. गी. २ ।
 ‘कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते’ (भ. गी. २ । ४७)
 ‘कुरु कर्मैव तस्मात्त्वम्’ (भ. गी. ४ । १५)
 इत्यादि । हिंसादियुक्तत्वात् वैदिकं कर्म अधर्माय इतीयमप्याशङ्का न कार्या ।
कथम् ? क्षात्रं कर्म युद्धलक्षणं गुरुभ्रातृपुत्रादिहिंसालक्षणमत्यन्तं क्रूरमपि
स्वधर्म इति कृत्वा न अधर्माय ; तदकरणे च ‘ततः स्वधर्मं कीर्तिं च हित्वा
पापमवाप्स्यसि’ (भ. गी. २ । ३३)
ब्रुवता यावज्जीवादिश्रुतिचोदितानां पश्वादिहिंसालक्षणानां च कर्मणां प्रागेव
नाधर्मत्वमिति सुनिश्चितमुक्तं भवति — इति ॥

Swami Gambhirananda's translation:

 The well-ascertained conclusion of the whole of the Gita is that
Liberation is attained through Knowledge associated with rites and duties
like Agnihotra etc. prescribed in the Vedas and the Smrtis. And as an
indication of this point of view they ote (the verses): 'On the other hand,
if you will not fight this righteous (battle)' (33); 'Your right is for
action (rites and duties) alone' (47); 'Therefore you undertake action
(rites and duties) itself' (4.15), etc. Even this objection should not be
raised that Vedic rites and duties lead to sin since they involve injury
etc.'. Objection: How? Opponent: The duties of the Ksatriyas, charaterized
by war, do not lead to sin when undertaken as one's duty, even though they
are extremely cruel since they involve violence against elders, brothers,
sons and others. And from the Lord's declaration that when they are not
performed, 'then, forsaking your own duty and fame, you will incur sin'
(33), it stands out as (His) clearly stated foregone conclusion that one's
own duties prescribed in such texts as, '(One shall perform Agnihotra) as
long as one lives' etc., and actions which involve crutely to animals etc.
are not sinful.

While Shankara refutes the basic proposition of the opponent: //Liberation
is attained through Knowledge associated with rites and duties like
Agnihotra etc. prescribed in the Vedas and the Smrtis.//   Shankara does
not refute the other points stated by the opponent about cruelty, himsaa,
occurring as part of carrying out as one's swardharma....is not adharma.

So, please rest assured that the above position is perfectly in tune with
the scripture.


> Shivajji’s raids on Portuguese indeed carried a deeper meaning.. Thanks,
> Regards,

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