[Advaita-l] The significance of metaphorical meditations in various Upanishads
v.subrahmanian at gmail.com
Tue Jun 4 03:39:22 EDT 2019
In the Upadesa Saram, Bhagavan Ramana has said the following, which are
actually what is stated in the Upanishads, etc. as precursor of
3. ईश्वरार्पितं नेच्छया कृतम् ।
चित्तशोधकं मुक्तिसाधकम् ॥ ३॥
*īśvarārpitaṃ necchayā kṛtamcitta-śodhakaṃ mukti-sādhakam*
Surrendered to the Lord
Purifies the mind and points
The way to *moksha*.
4. कायवाङ्मनः कार्यमुत्तमम् ।
पूजनं जपश्चिन्तनं क्रमात् ॥ ४॥
*kāya-vāṅ-manaḥ kāryam-uttamampūjanaṃ japa-ścintanaṃ kramāt*
This is certain:
Worship, praise and meditation,
Being work of body, speech and mind,
Are steps for orderly ascent.
5. जगत ईशधी युक्तसेवनम् ।
अष्टमूर्तिभृद्देवपूजनम् ॥ ५॥
*jagata īśadhī yukta sevanaṃaśṭa-mūrti bhṛd deva-pūjanam*
Ether, fire, air, water, earth,
Sun, moon and living beings
Worship of these,
Regarded all as forms of His,
Is perfect worship of the Lord.
6. उत्तमस्तवादुच्चमन्दतः ।
चित्तजं जपध्यानमुत्तमम् ॥ ६॥
*uttama-stavād-ucca-mandataḥcittajaṃ japa dhyānam uttamam*
Better than hymns of praise
Is repetition of the Name;
Better low-voiced than loud,
But best of all
Is meditation in the mind.
7. आज्यधारया स्रोतसा समम् ।
सरलचिन्तनं विरलतः परम् ॥ ७॥
*ajya-dhāraya srotasā samamsarala cintanaṃ viralataḥ param*
Better than spells of meditation
Is one continuous current,
Steady as a stream,
Or downward flow of oil.
8. भेदभावनात् सोऽहमित्यसौ ।
भावनाऽभिदा पावनी मता ॥ ८॥
*bheda-bhāvanāt so’hamityasaubhavana’bhidā pāvanī matā*
Better than viewing Him as Other,
Indeed the noblest attitude of all,
Is to hold Him as the 'I' within,
The very 'I'.
On Mon, Jun 3, 2019 at 8:26 PM Akilesh Ayyar via Advaita-l <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:
> I'm wondering why so much time is spent in various upanishads -- I'm
> reading Chhandogya right now -- on various metaphorical comparisons of
> Brahman or truth generally to various things.
> For example, Brahman is explained as four quarters repeatedly (e.g. fire,
> sun, moon, lightning), as the person in the sun or the moon, as the one
> seen in the eye, and on and on.
> There is also enormous time spent on the meaning of the various vedas as
> compared to the sun and the fire and the sky, etc.
> How does this relate to the more direct focus on formless Brahman, which is
> also featured in the Upanishads, and which is so much more emphasized by,
> say, a Sankara or certainly a Ramana Maharshi.
> Why is *so much* time and so many words spent on these metaphorical
> breakdowns in the Upanishads, when the essence of it is in the unspeakable,
> the beyond-concepts?
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