[Advaita-l] 📝"Concept of GOD in Hinduism", My Short Notes on the 2021 ShivaRatri Talk by Swami Paramarthananda
mahadevan.n.iyer at gmail.com
Fri Mar 12 08:34:41 EST 2021
It's available in the Yogamalika website.
On Fri, 12 Mar 2021 at 12:56, Girish S V <girishsv at gmail.com> wrote:
> Thanks. Is there a video recording of this talk available?
> On Fri, 12 Mar, 2021, 12:04 pm Mahadevan Iyer via Advaita-l, <
> advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:
>> *Concept of GOD in Hinduism: 2021 Shivaratri Talk*
>> 📝 note: These are not the transcripts of the discourse. These are my
>> personal short notes of the " 2021 Shivaratri Talk by Swami
>> 🔴 topic: Concept of GOD in Hinduism.
>> - सदाशिव समारम्भाम् शंकराचार्य मध्यमाम्
>> - अस्मद् आचार्य पर्यन्ताम् वंदे गुरु परम्पराम्
>> - To understand Hindu religion, Hindu spirituality & Hindu culture one
>> needs to understand the "CONCEPT OF GOD" in Hinduism based on Vedic
>> teachings. 🕉
>> - There are several examples given in scriptures to teach the concept
>> - " The Spider " example is a significant example.
>> - 🕷 The Spider Example
>> - A spider is called "ūrṇanābhi" in Sanskrit. 🕷
>> - ūrṇa = thread, nābhi = abdomen
>> - 📚 Reference : Mundaka Upanishad, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (
>> 2-1-20 ) , Bhagavatam, Uddhava Gita etc
>> - A spider sits on the ceiling of a room.
>> - When disturbed, it draws silk from its body and descends from
>> the ceiling.
>> - Afterwards, when that disturbance is gone, it withdraws
>> (swallows) the silk back into its abdomen & ascends back into
>> the ceiling
>> of the room.
>> - Raw materials for the production of the silk is contained
>> the spider's stomach itself.
>> - The spider uses its part of the body itself to create the web. 🕸
>> - Bhagavan is like a spider in certain respects.
>> - Spider is a conscious entity.✔
>> - Bhagavan is also a conscious entity.✔
>> - Spider has got a body that contains the raw material for producing
>> the thread & later it can withdraw the thread back into itself.✔
>> - Bhagavan also has got a body that contains the raw material for
>> producing the entire cosmos ( matter, energy, time & space ) & can
>> withdraw it back.✔
>> - Body of Bhagavan = Maya. 🔔
>> - We can know the exact location of the spider before the
>> of the thread ( ceiling ).❕
>> - We CANNOT know the location of Bhagavan before the creation.❕
>> - Reason: Time & Space concept was resolved before the creation of
>> space, time matter & energy.
>> - Hence, questions like... Where is Bhagavan? What is the form of
>> Bhagavan? Where is Bhagavan located? etc cannot be raised.
>> - Because then Bhagavan becomes finite requiring a specific
>> location in space & time.
>> - Transcendental Bhagavan exists even before the arrival of time
>> space itself.
>> - Spider produces the thread again & again & withdraws it back
>> again & again.✔
>> - God produces the creation not one time, but again & again &
>> resolves it back again & again.✔
>> - Maya -> Prapancha🌌
>> - Prapancha -> Maya 💥
>> - NO FIRST CREATION, NO LAST CREATION. ♻
>> - Law of conservation of matter & energy-matter is neither
>> nor destroyed but conserved.♻
>> - Hard to comprehend due to one's intellectual orientation.
>> - Matter, Energy, Time & Space is an extension of Maya itself.
>> -> [✨ , ⚡ ,⌚,🧭 ]
>> - Maya is eternal. 🔔
>> - Bhagavan is sacred, Maya is the body of Bhagavan, Hence Maya is
>> - The Universe is also Bhagavan's body, it is also Bhagavan.
>> - Maya is sacred, Entire universe is the manifest ( visible ) part
>> Maya, Hence the UNIVERSE IS SACRED.
>> - We think Bhagavan is sacred. The World is secular.
>> - We should change our attitude towards the universe.
>> - The secular sacred division is born out of ignorance of the spider
>> example. 🕷
>> - Nothing is secular in Hinduism, everything is sacred.🔔
>> - Formless Bhagavan is limitless, Multi formed Bhagavan is also
>> - Time & space are not outside Bhagavan TO LIMIT Bhagavan.🔔
>> - Time & space are included in the body of Bhagavan.
>> - before creation, time & space was potential in the Maya body of
>> Bhagavan. ( Aroopa Īśvara )
>> - after creation, time & space are actively in the body of Bhagavan.
>> ( Anekaroopa Īśvara )
>> - Bhagavan alone IS. Everything is included in Bhagavan.🔔
>> - Bhagavan is the cosmic conscious being.🥚
>> - We are like microorganism contributing to the health of Bhagavan's
>> - We alone through our karma, determine the future.
>> - The next creation is also dependent on our karma only.
>> - How did the first karma came? ❓
>> - "The First" idea must be abolished.
>> - Karma - Shrishti - Karma - Shristi...... etc continues.
>> - The Divinisation of the world is the religious evolution that
>> our scriptures talk about.🔔
>> - Change your attitude towards the universe.
>> - 🎱 Ashtamurti Īśvara is a corollary for Spider Example ( 8 limbs
>> - 📚 Refer: Kalidasa's Abhijnana Shakuntalam ( invocation phrase )
>> - *1️⃣*Primary Bhagavan: Formless-Multi formed God.
>> - *1️⃣*Primary Knowledge: The World is part of Maya, Maya is
>> Bhagavan's body, Therefore the Universe is Bhagavan's body.
>> - *1️⃣*Primary Bhakthi : Changed attitude due to Primary Knowledge
>> regarding Primary Bhagavan. ( Jnana Bhakti )
>> - Scriptures prescribe various meditation. eg: Akasha dyanam, Vayu
>> dhyanam, Lightning meditation etc...
>> - Vibhoothi darshanam : Everything in the creation has glory. I see
>> them as the glory of Bhagavan.
>> - This Bhavana parivarthanam ( Transformation of bhavana ) is Jnana
>> - Today, instead of Janana Bhakthi, Prema Bhakthi is promoted.
>> - *2️⃣* Prema Bhakthi is secondary Bhakthi.
>> - *2️⃣* A personified GOD is given over important.
>> - *2️⃣* Prema Bhakthi is valid for only a short while.
>> - *1️⃣ *Jnana Bhakthi is based on Vedic study.
>> - *2️⃣ *Prema Bhakthi should never overshadow Jnana Bhakthi.
>> - A finite form symbolically is OK, but making Bhagavan himself, a
>> finite being with a beautiful body & a beautiful feeling is an act
>> creating a degraded impression of Bhagavan as a finite person.
>> - Prayer should not be "Artha Bhakthi" or "Artharthi Bhakthi", not
>> for solving problem; for that, we don't pray, we use resources
>> Bhagavan is
>> - Prayer should be "Jijnasu Bhakthi".
>> - Jijnasu Bhakthi : Give me the knowledge of you. Let me get a Guru,
>> Let me study the scriptures, by which I come to know Bhagavan, who
>> - Prema Bhakthi should not become an obstacle for Jnana Bhakthi.
>> - Is there a Bhagavan?❓
>> - There is nothing other than Bhagavan.
>> - Bhakti : awareness of harmony of totality.🔔
>> - Bhaktha is one who has Bhakthi.
>> - When I am a Bhaktha, my life will be in harmony with the total. It
>> is called Dharma.🔔
>> - Jnanam will lead to Bhakthi. Bhakthi leads to Dharma.
>> - Adharma : Disturbing the harmony with the total.🔔
>> - In Shiva rathri, Before chanting Rudra, Dhyana sloka is chanted.
>> - Dhyana sloka : Presentation of Shiva in 3 versions.
>> - 1st Shiva as a symbol. ( Finite, for pooja , abhishekam etc )
>> - 2nd Shiva as vishvaroopa Īśvara.
>> - 3rd Shiva included as the Consciousness principle.
>> - śuddhasphaṭika saṅkāśaṃ trinētraṃ pañcha vaktrakaṃ ।
>> - gaṅgādharaṃ daśabhujaṃ sarvābharaṇa bhūṣitam ॥🎶
>> - nīlagrīvaṃ śaśāṅkāṅkaṃ nāga yajñōpa vītinam ।
>> - vyāghra charmōttarīyaṃ cha varēṇyamabhaya pradam ॥🎶
>> - kamaṇḍal-vakṣa sūtrāṇāṃ dhāriṇaṃ śūlapāṇinaṃ ।
>> - jvalantaṃ piṅgaḻajaṭā śikhā muddyōta dhāriṇam ॥🎶
>> - vṛṣa skandha samārūḍhaṃ umā dēhārtha dhāriṇaṃ ।
>> - amṛtēnāplutaṃ śāntaṃ divyabhōga samanvitam ॥🎶
>> - digdēvatā samāyuktaṃ surāsura namaskṛtaṃ ।
>> - nityaṃ cha śāśvataṃ śuddhaṃ dhruva-makṣara-mavyayam ।
>> - sarva vyāpina-mīśānaṃ rudraṃ vai viśvarūpiṇaṃ ।
>> - ēvaṃ dhyātvā dvijaḥ samyak tatō yajanamārabhēt ॥🎶
>> - Bhagavan is being symbolised as pure, beautiful & bright like
>> - 3 eyes ( 3rd eye: Attitude based on Jnanam ), 5 headed ( Pacha
>> bhootham )
>> - Carrying Ganga ( Flow of knowledge ), 10 hands, this is symbolism,
>> All ornaments etc
>> - Consciousnesses one part, Maya is the other part of Bhagavan.
>> - Amrutham : Knowledge that gives immortality.🔔
>> - Shiva includes the Consciousness principle also.
>> - Maya -> Universe, Universe -> Maya.
>> - Consciousness principle is not part, product or property of Maya (
>> Matter or Energy ).🔔
>> - Consciousness is an independent spiritual principle, which is eternal
>> & all-pervading, which manifests in the matter when the matter has got
>> conducive configuration.
>> - When the body is in a conducive condition, consciousness manifests in
>> the body as a life principle.
>> - When the body is dead, Consciousness is not able to manifest in the
>> matter. But Consciousness is eternal & all-pervading.
>> - Sarvatmaka Īśvara : Chetana-Achetanatmaka sarvarthmaka Īśvara.
>> - Namah Shivaya: I surrender to Shiva.🔔
>> - Nothing other than Shiva. I am also included in that Shiva.
>> - Prema Bhakthi : Emotional Bhakthi
>> - Jnana Bhakthi : Intelectual Bhakthi (Knowing the Universe as Bhagavan
>> ) ( superior )
>> - Emotional Bhakthi should be transformed into intellectual Bhakthi.
>> - In this Shivaratri, let's worship Lord Shiva to remove our ignorance
>> give the knowledge that Bhagavan is not a finite person, Bhagavan is
>> everything including me.
>> - --- Poornam --- 🏁
>> Mahadevan Iyer
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