[Advaita-l] 📝"Concept of GOD in Hinduism", My Short Notes on the 2021 ShivaRatri Talk by Swami Paramarthananda
Girish S V
girishsv at gmail.com
Fri Mar 12 02:26:02 EST 2021
Thanks. Is there a video recording of this talk available?
On Fri, 12 Mar, 2021, 12:04 pm Mahadevan Iyer via Advaita-l, <
advaita-l at lists.advaita-vedanta.org> wrote:
> *Concept of GOD in Hinduism: 2021 Shivaratri Talk*
> 📝 note: These are not the transcripts of the discourse. These are my
> personal short notes of the " 2021 Shivaratri Talk by Swami
> 🔴 topic: Concept of GOD in Hinduism.
> - सदाशिव समारम्भाम् शंकराचार्य मध्यमाम्
> - अस्मद् आचार्य पर्यन्ताम् वंदे गुरु परम्पराम्
> - To understand Hindu religion, Hindu spirituality & Hindu culture one
> needs to understand the "CONCEPT OF GOD" in Hinduism based on Vedic
> teachings. 🕉
> - There are several examples given in scriptures to teach the concept of
> - " The Spider " example is a significant example.
> - 🕷 The Spider Example
> - A spider is called "ūrṇanābhi" in Sanskrit. 🕷
> - ūrṇa = thread, nābhi = abdomen
> - 📚 Reference : Mundaka Upanishad, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (
> 2-1-20 ) , Bhagavatam, Uddhava Gita etc
> - A spider sits on the ceiling of a room.
> - When disturbed, it draws silk from its body and descends from
> the ceiling.
> - Afterwards, when that disturbance is gone, it withdraws
> (swallows) the silk back into its abdomen & ascends back into
> the ceiling
> of the room.
> - Raw materials for the production of the silk is contained within
> the spider's stomach itself.
> - The spider uses its part of the body itself to create the web. 🕸
> - Bhagavan is like a spider in certain respects.
> - Spider is a conscious entity.✔
> - Bhagavan is also a conscious entity.✔
> - Spider has got a body that contains the raw material for producing
> the thread & later it can withdraw the thread back into itself.✔
> - Bhagavan also has got a body that contains the raw material for
> producing the entire cosmos ( matter, energy, time & space ) & can
> withdraw it back.✔
> - Body of Bhagavan = Maya. 🔔
> - We can know the exact location of the spider before the creation
> of the thread ( ceiling ).❕
> - We CANNOT know the location of Bhagavan before the creation.❕
> - Reason: Time & Space concept was resolved before the creation of
> space, time matter & energy.
> - Hence, questions like... Where is Bhagavan? What is the form of
> Bhagavan? Where is Bhagavan located? etc cannot be raised.
> - Because then Bhagavan becomes finite requiring a specific
> location in space & time.
> - Transcendental Bhagavan exists even before the arrival of time &
> space itself.
> - Spider produces the thread again & again & withdraws it back
> again & again.✔
> - God produces the creation not one time, but again & again &
> resolves it back again & again.✔
> - Maya -> Prapancha🌌
> - Prapancha -> Maya 💥
> - NO FIRST CREATION, NO LAST CREATION. ♻
> - Law of conservation of matter & energy-matter is neither created
> nor destroyed but conserved.♻
> - Hard to comprehend due to one's intellectual orientation.
> - Matter, Energy, Time & Space is an extension of Maya itself.
> -> [✨ , ⚡ ,⌚,🧭 ]
> - Maya is eternal. 🔔
> - Bhagavan is sacred, Maya is the body of Bhagavan, Hence Maya is
> - The Universe is also Bhagavan's body, it is also Bhagavan.
> - Maya is sacred, Entire universe is the manifest ( visible ) part of
> Maya, Hence the UNIVERSE IS SACRED.
> - We think Bhagavan is sacred. The World is secular.
> - We should change our attitude towards the universe.
> - The secular sacred division is born out of ignorance of the spider
> example. 🕷
> - Nothing is secular in Hinduism, everything is sacred.🔔
> - Formless Bhagavan is limitless, Multi formed Bhagavan is also
> - Time & space are not outside Bhagavan TO LIMIT Bhagavan.🔔
> - Time & space are included in the body of Bhagavan.
> - before creation, time & space was potential in the Maya body of
> Bhagavan. ( Aroopa Īśvara )
> - after creation, time & space are actively in the body of Bhagavan.
> ( Anekaroopa Īśvara )
> - Bhagavan alone IS. Everything is included in Bhagavan.🔔
> - Bhagavan is the cosmic conscious being.🥚
> - We are like microorganism contributing to the health of Bhagavan's
> - We alone through our karma, determine the future.
> - The next creation is also dependent on our karma only.
> - How did the first karma came? ❓
> - "The First" idea must be abolished.
> - Karma - Shrishti - Karma - Shristi...... etc continues.
> - The Divinisation of the world is the religious evolution that
> our scriptures talk about.🔔
> - Change your attitude towards the universe.
> - 🎱 Ashtamurti Īśvara is a corollary for Spider Example ( 8 limbs ).
> - 📚 Refer: Kalidasa's Abhijnana Shakuntalam ( invocation phrase )
> - *1️⃣*Primary Bhagavan: Formless-Multi formed God.
> - *1️⃣*Primary Knowledge: The World is part of Maya, Maya is
> Bhagavan's body, Therefore the Universe is Bhagavan's body.
> - *1️⃣*Primary Bhakthi : Changed attitude due to Primary Knowledge
> regarding Primary Bhagavan. ( Jnana Bhakti )
> - Scriptures prescribe various meditation. eg: Akasha dyanam, Vayu
> dhyanam, Lightning meditation etc...
> - Vibhoothi darshanam : Everything in the creation has glory. I see
> them as the glory of Bhagavan.
> - This Bhavana parivarthanam ( Transformation of bhavana ) is Jnana
> - Today, instead of Janana Bhakthi, Prema Bhakthi is promoted.
> - *2️⃣* Prema Bhakthi is secondary Bhakthi.
> - *2️⃣* A personified GOD is given over important.
> - *2️⃣* Prema Bhakthi is valid for only a short while.
> - *1️⃣ *Jnana Bhakthi is based on Vedic study.
> - *2️⃣ *Prema Bhakthi should never overshadow Jnana Bhakthi.
> - A finite form symbolically is OK, but making Bhagavan himself, a
> finite being with a beautiful body & a beautiful feeling is an act of
> creating a degraded impression of Bhagavan as a finite person.
> - Prayer should not be "Artha Bhakthi" or "Artharthi Bhakthi", not
> for solving problem; for that, we don't pray, we use resources
> Bhagavan is
> - Prayer should be "Jijnasu Bhakthi".
> - Jijnasu Bhakthi : Give me the knowledge of you. Let me get a Guru,
> Let me study the scriptures, by which I come to know Bhagavan, who is
> - Prema Bhakthi should not become an obstacle for Jnana Bhakthi.
> - Is there a Bhagavan?❓
> - There is nothing other than Bhagavan.
> - Bhakti : awareness of harmony of totality.🔔
> - Bhaktha is one who has Bhakthi.
> - When I am a Bhaktha, my life will be in harmony with the total. It
> is called Dharma.🔔
> - Jnanam will lead to Bhakthi. Bhakthi leads to Dharma.
> - Adharma : Disturbing the harmony with the total.🔔
> - In Shiva rathri, Before chanting Rudra, Dhyana sloka is chanted.
> - Dhyana sloka : Presentation of Shiva in 3 versions.
> - 1st Shiva as a symbol. ( Finite, for pooja , abhishekam etc )
> - 2nd Shiva as vishvaroopa Īśvara.
> - 3rd Shiva included as the Consciousness principle.
> - śuddhasphaṭika saṅkāśaṃ trinētraṃ pañcha vaktrakaṃ ।
> - gaṅgādharaṃ daśabhujaṃ sarvābharaṇa bhūṣitam ॥🎶
> - nīlagrīvaṃ śaśāṅkāṅkaṃ nāga yajñōpa vītinam ।
> - vyāghra charmōttarīyaṃ cha varēṇyamabhaya pradam ॥🎶
> - kamaṇḍal-vakṣa sūtrāṇāṃ dhāriṇaṃ śūlapāṇinaṃ ।
> - jvalantaṃ piṅgaḻajaṭā śikhā muddyōta dhāriṇam ॥🎶
> - vṛṣa skandha samārūḍhaṃ umā dēhārtha dhāriṇaṃ ।
> - amṛtēnāplutaṃ śāntaṃ divyabhōga samanvitam ॥🎶
> - digdēvatā samāyuktaṃ surāsura namaskṛtaṃ ।
> - nityaṃ cha śāśvataṃ śuddhaṃ dhruva-makṣara-mavyayam ।
> - sarva vyāpina-mīśānaṃ rudraṃ vai viśvarūpiṇaṃ ।
> - ēvaṃ dhyātvā dvijaḥ samyak tatō yajanamārabhēt ॥🎶
> - Bhagavan is being symbolised as pure, beautiful & bright like crystal.
> - 3 eyes ( 3rd eye: Attitude based on Jnanam ), 5 headed ( Pacha
> bhootham )
> - Carrying Ganga ( Flow of knowledge ), 10 hands, this is symbolism,
> All ornaments etc
> - Consciousnesses one part, Maya is the other part of Bhagavan.
> - Amrutham : Knowledge that gives immortality.🔔
> - Shiva includes the Consciousness principle also.
> - Maya -> Universe, Universe -> Maya.
> - Consciousness principle is not part, product or property of Maya (
> Matter or Energy ).🔔
> - Consciousness is an independent spiritual principle, which is eternal
> & all-pervading, which manifests in the matter when the matter has got a
> conducive configuration.
> - When the body is in a conducive condition, consciousness manifests in
> the body as a life principle.
> - When the body is dead, Consciousness is not able to manifest in the
> matter. But Consciousness is eternal & all-pervading.
> - Sarvatmaka Īśvara : Chetana-Achetanatmaka sarvarthmaka Īśvara.
> - Namah Shivaya: I surrender to Shiva.🔔
> - Nothing other than Shiva. I am also included in that Shiva.
> - Prema Bhakthi : Emotional Bhakthi
> - Jnana Bhakthi : Intelectual Bhakthi (Knowing the Universe as Bhagavan
> ) ( superior )
> - Emotional Bhakthi should be transformed into intellectual Bhakthi.
> - In this Shivaratri, let's worship Lord Shiva to remove our ignorance &
> give the knowledge that Bhagavan is not a finite person, Bhagavan is
> everything including me.
> - --- Poornam --- 🏁
> Mahadevan Iyer
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